Animation Art - The Most Common Types of Cels Purchased by Collectors
Animation Cels - A cel (short for celluloid) is a blank clear plastic sheet used by a studio artist. Upon the cel is painted an animated character. The cels are placed over a background (created separately) and photographed in sequence to produce an illusion of movement in the film. Often, multiple copies of a cel were created by the artists to model color combinations.
Limited Edition Cels - A non production hand painted cel created for sale to the collectors market. It is produced in fixed limited quantities which are identified by a number in the lower right hand corner (number of this piece/number of pieces in the run). They were not used in films. The original intent was to recreate a likeness of the original production cels. Limited Edition Cels are still released even though images are not used in film production.
Sericels - A non production cel created by means of a printing process similar to silk screening. No painting or inking is involved. They are commonly produced in limited quantities of 5000, and they are marketed as a low cost alternative to production and limited edition cels.
Animation Drawings - A drawing on paper in pencil, sometimes colored which is created by a studio artist of an animated character. This is commonly done to "storyboard" the progress of the film creation.
Giclee - A giclee printer consists of four precision nozzles which spray up to a million microscopic droplets per second on to fine art paper. Each piece of paper is individually hand-mounted. These prints are a nice way to capture the original color complexity of the original pictures because they have very fine resolution.